Europe’s first ITER magnet to enter final stage of manufacturing
The case containing Europe’s first magnet departing from the ASG factory, La Spazia, Italy
The world's most high-tech magnet has departed from
the ASG factory, La Spezia, where Europe is manufacturing its share of the ITER
Toroidal Field coils. Ten out of the 18 TF coils will be produced in this
factory and will eventually be installed in the machine in order to confine the
super-hot plasma. The first of the ten magnets has left the workshop where it
was put together bit by bit. The component weighing 120 T, and measuring 9 x 16
m, has been transported by a remotely controlled truck to the harbour of La
Spezia to reach the port of Marghera. The magnet will be delivered to SIMIC, where
the cryogenic tests will be performed and finally, it will be inserted in tis
coil case. Then, the impressive component, weighing with the case a total of
300 T, will head to its final destination, the ITER site in Cadarache, France.
The magnet is the result of accurate design and
manufacturing, combining robotised and computerised machining with limited
manual intervention. F4E is financing the production of the ten magnets. At
least 26 companies, counting more than 600 employees, have been involved in their
A superconducting cable of 5.5 km length has been used
to manufacture this first magnet. This special cable has undergone various
fabrication procedures using state-of-the-art robotics such as automated
welding, "vacuum chamber" testing phases so as to check the high
quality of the component under operating conditions. The coil contains
superconductive cables, made by the Italian Consortium for Applied
Superconductivity (ICAS), coordinated by ENEA, involving the Italian companies
Criotec Impianti and the TRATOS Cavi. The steel plates, where the
superconductive cable is inserted, have been manufactured by CNIM and SIMIC.
The winding of the conductor and the manufacturing of the entire magnet has
been carried out by ASG, Iberdrola Ingeniería y Construcción and Elytt for a
cost of 158 million EUR awarded by F4E.
Alessandro Bonito Oliva, Head of Magnets for F4E, explains that: “the departure of Europe’s first magnet from
the ASG factory is a milestone of symbolic importance. This factory has been
its “home” during the last five years. Various companies and their workforces
have been daily working to reach this objective and I am proud to say that we
are entering into the final manufacturing stage. Congratulations to all!
ASG Superconductors Chairman and Shareholder Davide Malacalza said “our company collaborates daily with the
leading companies in the industry as well as with the main scientific research
institutes and centers like CERN, ENEA, INFN, Fermilab, GSI and working for the
ITER project with F4E is another example of a virtuous partnership between the
public and private sectors
ASG Superconductors CEO Sergio Frattini said "Today an impressive magnet left our factory
and confirms our leading position among the world leaders in the sector of
superconducting magnets. We are extremely proud of the work we have put in
collaboration with other companies. Many thanks to all the people who made this
achievement possible. As we still have to deliver nine more magnets by 2019, we
can’t stop working and some of the nine units are already at the final phases
of the manufacturing."
The remotely controlled truck transporting the
magnet to the port of La Spezia, Italy, in order to be loaded on a vessel that
will deliver it to the port of Marghera, Venice, Italy.